In a move marking a significant shift in the geopolitical landscape of the Sahel region, Burkina Faso and Niger have announced their withdrawal from the G5 Sahel group. This decision, effective from November 29 of the previous year, represents a notable change in the fight against jihadist insurgency in one of the world’s most volatile regions.
The announcement, made by the transitional governments of both countries, follows a thorough review of the organization’s operations. The G5 Sahel, an anti-jihadist force composed of soldiers from Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali, Chad, and Mauritania, has faced challenges in meeting its security objectives. The military leaders of Burkina Faso and Niger cited the organization’s inability to fulfill its security mandates as a key reason for their departure.
The G5 Sahel was established as an institutional framework for regional cooperation in addressing security and development policies. However, the decision by Burkina Faso and Niger to exit the group signals a reevaluation of strategies in tackling the jihadist threat that has long plagued the Sahel region.
This withdrawal raises questions about the future effectiveness of the G5 Sahel force in combating insurgency. The Sahel region, spanning several African countries, has been a focal point of international efforts to counter jihadist groups. These groups, despite their relatively small numbers, have exerted significant pressure on the already fragile states in the region, particularly Mali.
The financial challenges faced by the G5 Sahel countries, some of the poorest in the world, have also played a role in this development. The inability to mobilize the necessary funds has been a persistent issue, with international contributions not meeting the required levels. The European Union, France, the United States, and Saudi Arabia have been among the contributors, but the total sum has fallen short of the targets set by the G5 Sahel.