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Factors Affecting The Price Of Cement In Nigeria




Marketers Reveal New Price Of Dangote Cement, BUA Cement, Others

The price of cement in Nigeria fluctuates due to a variety of factors that influence both the rise and fall of its market price.

Naija News had earlier reported that the price of cement across the country stands between N8500 to N10500.

The federal government, in its wisdom, has taken steps to see that the price of cement reduces. However, the effort of the ruling government has yet to yield the desired result.

Some of the factors affecting the price are deeply intertwined with the economic, policy, and industrial dynamics of the country.


Understanding these factors is crucial for stakeholders in the construction sector, policymakers, and the general public.

Here’s a detailed exploration of the factors affecting the rise and fall of cement prices in Nigeria:

1. Global Raw Material Prices


The primary ingredient for cement is clinker, and Nigeria imports a significant portion of it due to the insufficient local production capacity.

The global prices of clinker and other raw materials like gypsum and coal directly impact the cost of cement production. When these global prices increase, the cost is often passed down to consumers in the form of higher cement prices.

2. Exchange Rate Volatility


Nigeria’s dependence on imported raw materials for cement production means that exchange rate fluctuations can significantly affect cement prices.

A depreciation of the Naira against the US dollar makes imports more expensive, increasing the production costs for cement manufacturers, which can lead to higher retail prices.

3. Energy Costs

The cement manufacturing process is energy-intensive, relying heavily on electricity and fuel for operations.

Fluctuations in energy prices, especially petroleum products and electricity tariffs, can significantly impact production costs. An increase in energy costs can lead to higher cement prices, while a decrease can have the opposite effect.

4. Government Policies And Taxes

Government policies regarding import tariffs on raw materials, taxes, and levies imposed on cement manufacturers can affect cement prices.

Policies aimed at protecting the local cement industry, such as import bans or high tariffs on imported cement, can reduce competition and lead to price increases. Conversely, tax reliefs and subsidies can help lower production costs and, subsequently, cement prices.

5. Transportation And Logistics

The cost of transporting raw materials to production plants and finished cement to the market contributes to the final price of cement. Poor road infrastructure, fuel prices, and logistical challenges can increase these transportation costs, affecting the retail price of cement.

6. Market Demand And Supply

The basic economic principle of demand and supply also plays a crucial role in determining cement prices. During periods of high demand, such as a construction boom, prices tend to rise.

Conversely, when there is an oversupply or reduced demand, prices may fall. Seasonal factors can also affect demand; for instance, construction activities often reduce during the rainy season, which can lead to a temporary decrease in cement prices.

7. Competition

The level of competition in the cement industry affects prices. In Nigeria, where the cement market is dominated by a few major players, competition is relatively limited.

This oligopolistic market structure can lead to price stability or increases, as few companies control market prices. Increased competition can lead to price reductions as companies vie for market share.

8. Operational Efficiency

The operational efficiency of cement manufacturing plants can influence production costs and, subsequently, cement prices. Advanced technology and efficient production processes can reduce costs, potentially leading to lower prices for consumers.

is an Associate at Naija News. He is a news media enthusiast, he holds a degree in psychology and loves exploring and sharing about the enormous power that lies in the human mind. Email: [email protected], Instagram: adeniyidman