Despite investment in the Agricultural sector by the federal government, Nigeria’s agricultural imports has continued to take an upward trajectory, Naija News understands.
A total of N129.084 billion was reportedly disbursed as loan to farmers across the country last year.
The target was to help them boost production, create room for more agricultural products and reduce to near zero the importation of the same.
However, Nigeria’s agricultural imports according to a data released by the National Bureau of Statistics hits N2.7 trillion in 2021 alone.
Figures sighted from four quarterly foreign trade reports by the NBS, during the period in review, shows that Nigeria, despite investing billions of naira into the agricultural sector, only managed exports worth N504.4bn, leaving a balance of trade of -N2.2tn.
The Central Bank of Nigeria and the Federal Government had showed commitment to farmers through the Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme Fund (ACGSF), but some factors seem to have limited all efforts.
Figures by the National Bureau of Statistics in a recent report titled “Foreign Trade in Goods Statistics” also revealed that in 2021, Nigeria’s agric imports stood at N2.7tn, indicating an increase of 36.6 per cent over the previous year, when compared to the value recorded in 2020 (N1.7tn).
The Chairman, ACGSF Board, Mr. Stephen Okon, while speaking recently in Calabar at the ACGSF 39th Board meeting with stakeholders on the new ACGSF Guidelines and Operations, had disclosed that so far, a total of N129.084 had been spent on agricultural loans to farmers, Naija News reports.
He said, “The ACGSF scheme has proved relatively successful in de-risking the agricultural sector in Nigeria as evidenced in the number of loans guaranteed from inception to date. A total of 1,224,795 loan beneficiaries valued N129.084bn were guaranteed from inception to February 2022.”
Also, a cursory breakdown of imports revealed that in Q4 alone, Nigeria imported various agricultural products like palm oil, wheat and other items to the tune of N300.21bn, a development that threatens local production of products that are produced locally in exportable quantities.
As revealed in the report, the major agriculture products imported in Q4, 2021 included Durum wheat (not in seeds) from the United Arab Emirates (N174.80bn) and Lithuania (N57.21bn). This was followed by crude palm oil from China valued at N20.28bn and from Malaysia (N16.49bn) . Palm Olein worth N31.43bn was imported from Malaysia.
Speaking at a recent interview with the PUNCH, Deputy President of the Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Dr Gabriel Idahosa, cited factors such as maturity of agricultural products, and insecurity, among others, as reasons Nigeria’s hefty investment in agriculture had not produced tangible results.
Pointing out some of the limitations to achieving the government’s target boosting the agricultural sector, Idahoda said the agriculture industry is a long cycle industry, except for some crops like vegetables that you can grow and harvest in six months. All other crops, even rice, require some period, a year or two, of investment before you begin to see the result.
He explained further that the second reason is that a significant part of the country has been massively impacted by banditry and terrorism.
“So a lot of that investment has not translated into immediate farming activity to the level that is expected, and some of that investment don’t get to have any results,” Idahosa noted.
He also said that the CBN’s intervention programmes were often laced with terms and conditions that would make them less profitable to farmers who sometimes resorted to other funding sources to avoid the stringent conditions.
He added: “The third part of it is the import effectiveness of the CBN intervention because the farmers complain that, for example, an equipment they can buy for, say N5m, CBN intervention charges them about N7m. They always say that CBN interventions are overpriced. So, we have an issue with that. It’s not as profitable for them if they have other sources of funding where they can negotiate terms.”
Similarly, an economist at the Pan-Atlantic University, Associate Professor Olalekan Aworinde faulted the Federal Government’s agricultural intervention scheme, describing it as a means through which bureaucrats funneled public funds back into their own pockets.
“All the monies that the Federal Government is saying that they are giving out to boost agricultural production, the first question we ask ourselves is, who are the beneficiaries? Are these beneficiaries traceable? If they are traceable, what are the conditions? We, first of all, have to look at the impact assessment of that loans. This is glaring. It tells us that the money probably goes to the bureaucrats,” Olalekan noted.