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Economy: Monetary policy offers limited tools for recovery from recession




Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria, Godwin Emefiele

Mr Godwin Emefiele, the Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), says monetary policy offers limited tools for dealing with the current economic challenges in the country.

Emefiele made the disclosure while delivering a keynote lecture at the 2017 Annual Conference of Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) in Lagos.

The lecture was titled “The Dilemma of Monetary Policy During a Recession: Potential Options for Nigeria”.

Emefiele identified the current challenges facing Nigeria as falling Gross Domestic Products (GDP) growth rate, rising inflation, persistently high interest rates, falling foreign exchange reserves and depreciating exchange rate.

He said the CBN could not tackle these challenges with the tool available to it with the objective of changing the outcomes for the better.

The governor pointed that CBN had always used monetary policy implementation at its disposal in controlling interest rates and money supply to moderate inflation and achieve economic growth.

Emefiele said these problems occurred simultaneously and needed to be dealt with over a short period of time.

According to him, the real dilemma the country is faced with is that there are significant trade-offs in outcomes of economic variables regardless of what specific monetary policy the nation implemented.

“For example, one would expect that given the bank’s
core mandate to pursue low inflation, the central bank
would implement policies geared towards that.

“In order to tackle high inflation, the correct monetary policy would be to tighten money supply either by increasing the Cash Reserve Requirement (CRR) of banks, mopping up money through increased Open Market Operations or raising the Liquidity Ratio of banks.

“While doing any or a combination of these would help moderate inflationary pressure, it could ensure that interest rates remain high and may even be inimical to restoring economic growth in the short term.

He, therefore, said that bank would need the support and cooperation of the NBA to build synergy towards the achievement of the various policy options enumerated.

According to him, the CBN is leading other stakeholders through the Financial System Strategy 2020 (FSS2020) in order to achieve stability in the financial system.

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He said this would help to develop a robust, globally competitive and market friendly legal framework for Nigeria’s financial sector by the year 2020.

“FSS 2020 intends to apply the instrumentality of the law as a vehicle to fast-track the development of Nigeria’s financial system.

“As such, this is one area where the CBN would need the support of the NBA.”

Emefiele said that one of the major lessons learnt from the recent global financial crises was the need to develop adequate frameworks and appropriate tools for managing financial stability.

“In this regard, the Financial Services Regulation
Coordinating Committee led by the CBN, is putting
together a robust framework that will adequately promote
stability of the Nigeria’s financial system.

The governor also said that it was imperative that the NBA should be ready and willing to partner with the CBN in areas like legislative advocacy.

He said this would ensure quick promulgation of robust legislations in support of chosen policy options and
vigorous support for establishment of commercial courts to facilitate speedy resolution of commercial disputes.

Others, he said, were provision of constructive inputs for the development of robust financial sector legislative
bills and other regulations and checkmating unbridled recourse to the use of interlocutory applications to frustrate legitimate expectations in commercial and financial disputes to contribute.

He urged every Nigerian to contribute his or her quota to national development.

“I am not unaware of the short-term pains we are all going through right now. But gold glitters after it has gone through enormous heat.

“Let us, therefore, use this opportunity to look inwards,
diversify our economy, produce locally, and create jobs
for our unemployed youths.

“Even when we disagree about the way forward, we should do so in good faith and never lose sight of what is important.

“We should remain resolutely committed to the course and be motivated by the achievability of our desire to strengthen our economic fundamentals.”


Ibukun Josephine Bankole was a Senior Associate at Naija News. A Mass Communication graduate, Ibukun is passionate about journalism especially in the areas of health and child related issues. She loves eating beans, singing, acting and giving motivational speeches. Ibukun is meticulous and has a positive approach to life. Contact me via twitter/Instagram @ibukunbankole_